第五篇 麻風得潔淨

The Cleansing of Leprosy

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讀經∶利十三~十四

壹 麻風表徵從人裡面發出來嚴重的罪,就如明知故犯、任意妄為、定意頂撞神的罪─利十三:

I. Leprosy signifies the serious sin issuing from within man, such as willful sin, presumptuous sin, and opposing God with determination—Lev. 13:

一 在米利暗(民十二1~10)、基哈西(王下五20~27)和烏西雅(代下二六16~21)的事例中我們看見,麻風起因於背叛神的權柄、背叛神的代表權柄、背叛神的法則以及背叛神的經綸。─引用經文

A. As seen in the cases of Miriam (Num. 12:1-10), Gehazi (2 Kings 5:20-27), and Uzziah (2 Chron. 26:16-21), leprosy issues from rebellion against God's authority, against God's deputy authority, against God's regulation, and against God's economy.

二 罪在聖經裡的意思就是背叛;因此,麻風表徵罪─約壹三4。

B. In the biblical sense, sin is rebellion; thus, leprosy signifies sin—1 John 3:4.

三 聖經中頭一個罪的事例,乃是撒但背叛神;因此,背叛的罪是由背叛的天使長路西弗所發明、開創的─結二八13~18,賽十四12~15。

C. The first case of sin in the Bible was Satan's rebellion against God; hence, sin as rebellion was invented, inaugurated, by the rebellious archangel Lucifer—Ezek. 28:13-18; Isa. 14:12-15.

四 至終,這罪,這麻風,經由亞當進到人類裡面;罪既進到人裡面,就從人裡面發出許多種的罪行,就是許多背叛的表顯─羅五12、19上,七20。

D. Eventually, this sin, this leprosy, entered into mankind through Adam, and having entered into man, it issues from within man as many kinds of sins, that is, many manifestations of rebellion—Rom. 5:12, 19a; 7:20.

五 因此,患麻風者代表墮落的亞當子孫,他們都是患麻風的;人在肉皮上的腫塊、癬或火斑,是麻風的記號,表徵人表現於外的任性、與人不和、驕傲和高擡自己─利十三2。

E. Hence, a leper represents the fallen descendants of Adam, all of whom are lepers; as signs of leprosy, a swelling, eruption, or a bright spot on the skin of one's flesh signifies man's outward expressions in unruliness, in friction with others, and in pride and self-exaltation—Lev. 13:2.

六 利未記十三章二十四至二十五節的光景,表徵得救的人憑肉體行事,如發脾氣、稱義自己、不肯赦免人,乃是屬靈麻風的徵兆。─引用經文

F. The condition in Leviticus 13:24-25 signifies that a saved person's acting by the flesh, that is, his losing his temper, his justifying himself, and his not being willing to forgive others, is a sign of spiritual leprosy.

貳 利未記十四章患麻風者得潔淨,描繪神在基督裡已經為我們預備併成就之豐富、完整且廣闊的救恩;在這救恩裡,基督是那經過種種過程的包羅萬有者,也是我們得潔淨所需要的一切:─引用經文

II. The cleansing of the leper in Leviticus 14 portrays the rich, complete, and extensive salvation God has prepared and accomplished for us in Christ; in this salvation Christ is the all-inclusive One who has passed through a number of processes and is everything we need for our cleansing:

一 “〔祭司〕就要吩咐人為那求潔淨的,拿兩隻潔淨的活鳥、香柏木、硃紅色線和牛膝草來。祭司要吩咐人用瓦器盛活水,把一隻鳥宰在上面。至於那隻活鳥,祭司要把它和香柏木、硃紅色線並牛膝草,一同蘸於宰在活水上之鳥的血中,用以在那患麻風求潔淨的人身上灑七次,就定他為潔淨,又把那隻活鳥放到田野裡”─4~7節:

A. "The priest shall command that two living clean birds and cedar wood and scarlet strands and hyssop be taken for the one who is to be cleansed. And the priest shall command that one of the birds be slaughtered in an earthen vessel over running water. As for the living bird, he shall take it and the cedar wood and the scarlet strands and the hyssop, and shall dip them and the living bird in the blood of the bird that was slaughtered over the running water. And he shall sprinkle it on the one who is to be cleansed from the leprosy seven times and shall pronounce him clean. Then he shall let the living bird go into the open field"—vv. 4-7:

1 兩隻潔淨的活鳥乃是基督的預表;基督是潔淨的,沒有任何玷汙,並且滿有生命,能飛翔在地面之上;這裡鳥表徵基督從諸天而來,是屬於諸天並超越地的。

1. The two living clean birds are types of Christ, who is clean, without any defilement, and full of the life that is able to fly above the earth; the birds here signify that Christ came from the heavens and that He belongs to the heavens and transcends the earth.

2 被宰的鳥表徵釘十字架的基督,祂為我們死,使我們的汙穢得以除去─彼前二24。

2. The bird that was killed signifies the crucified Christ, who died for us that our filthiness might be taken away—1 Pet. 2:24.

3 放到田野裡的那第二隻鳥,表徵復活的基督,祂為我們從死人中復起,使我們憑祂復活的生命─神那神聖、永遠、非受造之生命─的大能、力量和能力,得以蒙拯救脫離我們的軟弱─羅八2。

3. The second bird, which was let go into the open field, signifies the resurrected Christ, who rose from the dead for us that we might be delivered from our weakness by the power, strength, and energy of His resurrection life—the divine, eternal, uncreated life of God—Rom. 8:2.

4 香柏木(參王上四33),表徵耶穌尊貴、拔高的人性,使祂能作我們的救主;牛膝草是一種最微小的植物,表徵主耶穌自甘卑微,“成為人的樣式”(腓二7),使祂可以就近人,成為人的救主(參太八2~3);硃紅色是一種暗紅色,表徵流血,也含示君王職分(二七28~29)。─引用經文

4. Cedar wood (cf. 1 Kings 4:33) signifies the honorable and uplifted humanity of Jesus, which enables Him to be our Savior; hyssop, being one of the smallest plants, signifies that the Lord Jesus was willing to become lowly in His "becoming in the likeness of men" (Phil. 2:7) that He might be near to man and become man's Savior (cf. Matt. 8:2-3); scarlet, a dark red color, signifies the shedding of blood and also implies kingship (27:28-29).

5 這一切表徵主為使我們的麻風得潔淨,降卑自己成為一個標準高而身分低的人,為要實行神的旨意,在十字架上流血救贖我們,而在祂的復活裡得榮,成為尊榮至高的王─腓二5~11。

5. All of this signifies that in order to cleanse us from our leprosy, the Lord lowered Himself to become a man of high standard but of low status that He might do the will of God and shed His blood on the cross for our redemption, thereby being glorified in His resurrection and becoming the honorable and high King—Phil. 2:5-11.

6 麻風得痊癒的人(利十四3),仍需要在神面前求潔淨,表徵有麻風罪的病人,雖然因著裡面神聖的生命得了痊癒,還需要在神面前對付他的短缺和玷汙,使他能得潔淨;我們尋求得潔淨,乃是與神的恩典和愛合作。─引用經文

6. The one who had been healed from leprosy (Lev. 14:3) still needed to seek to be cleansed before God, signifying that the one who is sick of the sin of leprosy, although he has been healed by the divine life within, still needs to have his shortcomings and defilement dealt with before God that he might be cleansed; our seeking to be cleansed is our cooperation with God's grace and love.

7 瓦器表徵耶穌的人性(參林後四7),活水錶徵神那活而永遠的靈(約七37~39,啟二二1);鳥要宰於瓦器裡的活水上面,表徵主耶穌在祂的人性裡經過死,藉著在祂裡面那永遠的活靈,將自己獻給神(來九14)。─引用經文

7. The earthen vessel signifies the humanity of Jesus (cf. 2 Cor. 4:7), and the living water signifies the living and eternal Spirit of God (John 7:37-39; Rev. 22:1); the bird being killed in an earthen vessel over living water signifies that through His death in His humanity the Lord Jesus offered Himself to God through the eternal and living Spirit who was within Him (Heb. 9:14).

8 記載於利未記十四章六至七節的事,表徵主完全的救贖,不僅使人客觀地在地位上得潔淨,並且使人在聖靈裡,主觀地經歷主在祂尊貴、拔高而卑微的人性裡的流血受苦,並經歷祂的死、復活、昇天和得榮(弗二5~6,腓三10、21,西三1~4);這些都包含在兩隻鳥、香柏木、牛膝草和硃紅色線的意義中。─引用經文

8. The things recorded in Leviticus 14:6-7 signify that the Lord's perfect redemption not only causes man to be cleansed objectively in his position but also causes man to experience subjectively, in the Holy Spirit, the Lord's suffering in the shedding of His blood in His honorable, uplifted, and yet lowly humanity and to experience His death, resurrection, ascension, and glorification (Eph. 2:5-6; Phil. 3:10, 21; Col. 3:1-4); these things are all implied in the significances of the two birds, the cedar wood, the hyssop, and the scarlet strands.

9 將被宰之鳥的血灑在患麻風求潔淨的人身上,表徵基督所流的血灑在我們罪人身上(彼前一2),這樣的灑就把我們聯於基督這位救贖者;灑血七次,表徵主血的洗淨是完全的(約壹一7、9)。─引用經文

9. The sprinkling of the blood of the slain bird on the leper who was to be cleansed signifies that the blood shed by Christ was sprinkled on us, the sinners (1 Pet. 1:2), and this sprinkling connects us to Christ, the Redeemer; the sprinkling of the blood seven times signifies the completeness of the cleansing of the Lord's blood (1 John 1:7, 9).

10 基督的昇天由活鳥在空中飛翔所表徵;把活鳥放到田野裡,表徵活的基督使得了潔淨的罪人不僅經歷基督的死與復活,也經歷祂的昇天─林後五14~15,弗二5~6,西三1~4。

10. Christ's ascension is signified by the living bird soaring in the air; letting the living bird go into the open field signifies that the living Christ causes the cleansed sinner to experience not only Christ's death and resurrection but also His ascension—2 Cor. 5:14-15; Eph. 2:5-6; Col. 3:1-4.

二 剃患麻風者的毛髮以得潔淨,表徵對付己這基督身體之仇敵的難處;剃刀表徵十字架─利十四9:

B. The shaving of the hair of the leper for his cleansing signifies dealing with the difficulties of the self, which is the enemy of the Body; the razor signifies the cross—Lev. 14:9:

1 頭髮表徵人的榮耀;每一個人都有他所誇耀之處;有人誇他的出身,有人誇他的學問,有人誇他的美德,也有人誇他的熱心愛主;幾乎每一個人都能在自己身上找出一些可誇的地方,引以為榮,而顯揚在人面前。

1. The hair of the head signifies the glory of man; everyone has his boasts in certain areas; some boast of their ancestry, some of their education, some of their virtues, some of their zeal in their love for the Lord; almost everyone can find an area in which to boast, to glorify himself, and to make a display before man.

2 鬍鬚表徵人的尊貴;有的人自尊自誇,或自居他的身家,或自居他的屬靈,總覺得他自己比別人高超。

2. The beard signifies the honor of man; people esteem themselves honorable with regard to their position, their family background, or even their spirituality; they always have a superior feeling that they are above others.

3 眉毛表徵人的美麗;每一個人都有天然的長處和優點,不是來自對神救恩的經歷,而是從人天然的出生而來。

3. The eyebrows signify the beauty of man; we have naturally good and strong points, which did not issue from the experience of God's salvation but from natural birth.

4 全身的毛表徵人天然的能力;我們滿有天然的能力、辦法、主張,以為能為主作這個,能為主作那個,覺得什麼都能。

4. The hair of the whole body signifies the natural strength of man; we are full of natural strength, natural methods and opinions, thinking that we can do this or that for the Lord and that we are capable of doing all things.

5 當十字架的“剃刀”對付了己的一切方面,當我們一無所有,一無所是,我們就是潔淨的─參腓三7~11。

5. When all the aspects of the self are dealt with through the "razor" of the cross, and when we have nothing and are nothing, we shall be clean—cf. Phil. 3:7-11.

6 我們該經過十字架並憑著那靈作每件事,以徹底拒絕己,為著基督身體的緣故,彼此分賜基督。

6. We should utterly reject the self by doing everything through the cross and by the Spirit to dispense Christ into one another for the sake of the Body of Christ.

三 患麻風者在等候並儆醒七天之後,要再剃去全身的毛,洗衣服,並用水洗身(利十四9),表徵求潔淨的罪人,需要負責對付他天然生命和日常行事為人的每一部分;這表明我們若以確定、徹底並絕對的方式,認真地對付我們的罪和罪惡的己,我們就必得著潔淨。─引用經文

C. The leper's shaving of his entire body, washing his clothes, and bathing his flesh a second time after waiting and watching seven days (Lev. 14:9) signifies that a sinner who is to be cleansed needs to bear the responsibility for dealing with every part of his natural life and daily walk; this shows that if we deal with our sin and our sinful self seriously, in a definite, thorough, and absolute way, we shall be clean.

叄 在利未記十四章三十三至五十七節裡,房屋預表召會是我們真正的家;房屋裡的麻風,表徵召會中的罪行和邪惡;祭司表徵主或祂的代表權柄,而察看房屋不是為著定罪,乃是一種恩典為著使人得醫治─林前一11:

III. In Leviticus 14:33-57, the house typifies the church as our real home, and the leprosy in the house signifies the sins and evils in the church; the priest signifies the Lord or His deputy authority, and the examining of the house is not for condemnation but is a grace for healing—1 Cor. 1:11:

一 七天之後把那有災病的石頭挖出來(利十四40),表徵經過一段完整時期的觀察後,召會的難處若還在發散,就要把卷入難處的信徒,從召會的交通中挪開,視為不潔,像外人一樣;這樣作是要阻止疾病的擴散,並要消除那疾病(羅十六17,多三10)。─引用經文

A. The removing of the infected stones after seven days (Lev. 14:40) signifies that after the observation of a complete period of time, if the problem of the church is still spreading, the believer or believers involved in the problem should be removed from the fellowship of the church and be considered unclean, like the outsiders; this is done to stop the spread of the disease and to eliminate the disease (Rom. 16:17; Titus 3:10).

二 用別的石頭代替那挖出來的石頭(利十四42上),表徵用別的信徒(彼前二5)填補空隙;另用灰泥墁房子(利十四42下),表徵用對主恩典工作的新經歷,來更新召會;召會生活中要有新的起頭,就需要如此。─引用經文

B. Putting other stones in the place of the removed stones (Lev. 14:42a) signifies using other believers (1 Pet. 2:5) to fill in the gap; the replastering of the house with other plaster (Lev. 14:42b) signifies the renewing of the church with new experiences of the Lord's gracious works; this is needed for a new start in the church life.

三 麻風災病再次發作後,要拆毀房子(45),表徵一個召會的光景若到了無可救藥的地步,那個召會就該結束(參啟二5)。─引用經文

C. The breaking down of the house after the infection of leprosy returns (v. 45) signifies that if the situation of the church reaches the point where it cannot be cured, healed, that church should be terminated (cf. Rev. 2:5).

四 召會對主恩典的工作有新的經歷,因而得著更新之後,罪若沒有擴散,召會就潔淨,沒有問題了;全召會需要憑基督永遠有功效的寶血,和祂永遠的活靈得潔淨,使召會完全潔淨,得以成為神與人相互的居所─利十四48~53,來九14,十22,約壹一9,多三5,約十四2、23。

D. If no sin is spreading after the renewing of the church with the new experiences of the Lord's gracious works, the church is clean and has no problem; the whole church needs to be cleansed with the eternally efficacious blood of Christ and His eternal and living Spirit so that the church is fully clean to be the mutual dwelling of God and man—Lev. 14:48-53; Heb. 9:14; 10:22; 1 John 1:9; Titus 3:5; John 14:2, 23.

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